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chapter 10 Final -ed

Inside This Chapter

Begin here to navigate through each section.

  1. Pretest
  2. Your Writing: Narrating a Memorable First Event
  3. Recognizing Final -ed
  4. Using the Final -ed in the Simple Past Tense
  5. Using the Final -ed in the Perfect Tenses
  6. Using the Final -ed in the Passive Voice
  7. Using the Final -ed in Past Participles that Act as Modifiers
  8. Avoiding Incorrect -ed Endings
  9. Review & Practice Part 1 & Part 2
  10. Fun With Grammar: Ladle Rat Rotten Hut
  11. Return to Your Writing
  12. Mastery Test on Final -ed

Both the simple past and the past participle forms of regular verbs end in -ed. When you speak, you might be in the habit of dropping this ending. In writing, however, you must use standard English verb forms. If you omit a final -ed when writing a simple past or past participle form of a regular verb, you make it hard for a reader to follow your thought.

Chapter 10 will help you to:

  • recognize and use -ed endings in the simple past tense and in past participles.
  • avoid incorrect uses of final -ed.

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