Sentence Sense home   part one index parts 2 part 4 part 4
blank     chapter #

11.4 Final -s: Using Final -s on Plural Nouns

Final -s signals the plural form of most nouns.

Most nouns need an added final -s (sometimes -es) when they label more than one person, place, or thing.

this captain ___ these captains
a mansion ___ several mansions
an insult ___ a few insults
Natural -s nouns have to end in -s even when they don't represent a plural quantity, so these nouns add -es when they become plural.
one loss ___ three losses
a glass ___ several glasses
that lens ___ those lenses
But a few nouns don't need -s to represent a plural quantity. They form their plurals in some other way. These are irregular plurals.

a child ___ many children
one man ___ ten men
this woman ___ these women
that person ___ those people

Tip: Except for the natural -s nouns, singular nouns do not end in -s. Except for the irregular plurals, plural nouns end in -s.

Application 3      Application 4

A prepositional phrase beginning with of often requires a plural noun, even when the word modified by the phrase is clearly singular.

One (of my shoes) is covered with mud.
I'll wipe it with the last (of your rags).
Application 5      Application 6

home chapter 11      

Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15