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10.3 Final -ed: Recognizing Final -ed

Application 2

These are the same paragraphs that you looked at in Application 1 except that the words with -ed endings have now been highlighted. In the space after each such word, mark 1, 2, 3, or 4 to indicate the type of -ed ending represented by that word.

  • 1 = simple past tense
  • 2 = completed action tense
  • 3 = passive voice
  • 4 = modifying participle
Discuss any questions you have with your teacher until you feel sure that you can identify each of the -ed endings.

Have you ever walked across a dark, lonely, deserted street or parking lot and for one reason or another felt scared because you thought you were going to be mugged ? If you've answered "yes" to this question, don't feel ashamed because you're in the great majority. I asked myself this same question about seven years ago and bravely decided to do something about the problem before it controlled me. I learned to control my fear and become more self-confident through the martial arts. . . .

I have now earned my orange belt in Kenpo and my green belt in Shorin-Ryu. Looking back over the past seven years, I realize that I have learned much more than I had first wanted to. The philosophies of the martial arts can be used for much more than self-defense. To sum it all up, let me recall the words of my master, Eddie Parker: "I come to you with only karate, empty hands. I have no weapons, but should I be forced to defend myself, my principles, or my honor, then here are my weapons: karate, my empty hands."

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